POZIV ZA SUDJELOVANJE U EKOLOŠKOJ AKCIJI!!!

U NEDJELJU, 13.10.2019. GODINE NA VELIKOM I MALOM PLIVSKOM JEZERU ODRŽAT ĆE SE EKOLOŠKA AKCIJA ČIŠĆENJA OBALE.

POZIVAMO SVE SPORTSKE KLUBOVE, UDRUGE I INSTITUCIJE S PODRUČJA OPĆINE JAJCE, KAO I NAŠE SUGRAĐANE DA SE NAM SE PRIDRUŽE I DAJU SVOJ DOPRINOS OVOJ AKCIJI!!!

Akciju čišćenja Velikog i Malog plivskog jezera inicirali su djelatnici trgovine DM iz Jajca, a pridružit će im se i brojne kolege iz drugih gradova.

Općina Jajce i Javna ustanova “Agencija za kulturno-povijesnu i prirodnu baštinu i razvoj turističkih potencijala grada Jajca” podržavaju ovu akciju te pozivaju i sve druge građane Jajca da nam se pridruže.

Okupljanje će biti u 09:00 sati na prakingu kod Motela Plaža, gdje će se napraviti raspored grupa za određene lokacije.

Poslije akcije upriličit ćemo druženje i okrepu za sve sudionike akcije.

 

 

 

JU “Agencija Jajce”

 

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The Trip to Jajce

If you ever wondered how an open air museum looks alike, you will find out when you visit Jajce. The most recognizable symbol of Jajce is its magnificent 17 meter high waterfall located in the heart of the town, making Jajce one of the most unique towns in the world. For nature lovers, Plivsko lake and watermills are great place to have coffee and relax. In this town you’ll have the opportunity to see the remains of four great empires (Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian), three kingdoms (Bosnian, Hungarian and Yugoslavian) and of the three world monotheistic religions (Christianity, Judaism and Islam) along with a variety of architecture styles and living customs all developed and refined through the ages.

(bosnianguide.com)
(foto: Samed Žužić)

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The Top Things to Do and See in Jajce, Bosnia & Herzegovina

Jajce is a small city in Bosnia & Herzegovina, central not only geographically but also culturally. Throughout Bosnia’s long history, Jajce has been the home of medieval kings, Ottoman governors, and a range of different ethnic groups, as well as being one of President Tito’s earliest Communist strongholds. Jajce has been so far undiscovered by tourists, although UNESCO has recently been investing in renovating the city’s historical areas. Check out our guide for the best things to do and see when in Jajce.

 

Pliva Falls

One of Jajce’s most unique features is this waterfall which is unusually situated right in the centre of the town. The falls are more than 20 meters high, and are at the point where two rivers meet and converge. The water is almost perfectly clear, and is a glittering bright turquoise color. There are a number of excellent viewing points, the best one being the official viewing platform where visitors are close enough to feel the spray of the water. The falls are currently at their highest recorded point, after an earthquake in the 1990s caused the area to flood and consequently increased the size of the waterfalls. Thanks to their central location, the Pliva waterfalls are a difficult attraction to miss when in Jajce.

 

 

Jajce Fortress

Jajce was once the seat of some of Bosnia’s medieval kings, and the remains of their castle are still in a good condition today. Jajce fortress was first built around the mid-14th century, although over the years many alterations and additions have been made. The central castle is located on top of a hill overlooking the city, and within the town there a various parts of old fortified wall as well as gates. One of the most interesting features to look out for is the crest of one of the medieval ruling families, which can be seen in its near-perfect condition at the entrance to the castle. Thanks to this historic legacy, Jajce is currently a candidate for being named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 

Jajce Catacombs

Part of medieval Jajce’s early development included the construction of an underground church and catacombs. The catacombs were commissioned by a 14th century king, who wanted a resting place for himself and his family. They are small, but set across two levels, and are still in excellent condition today. Many original stone carvings can still be made out by visitors, and guided tours are available. The catacombs have an eerie and mysterious atmosphere, so are not recommended for the faint-hearted; but an underground visit is a great way to understand Jajce’s history and explore its medieval legacy.

 

Pliva Lakes

A short drive away from Jajce itself are the Pliva Lakes, an area of stunning natural beauty. The lakes offer plenty of opportunities for outdoor activities, such as kayaking, fishing, and swimming. In fact, the lakes are such a perfect location for water-based activities that they have hosted international kayaking and canoeing competitions, and are popular for training purposes. The lakes are surrounded by lush green hills, which are also perfect for hiking. Near to the lakes are some old watermills, which were built in the Middle Ages and were key to local industry. A visit to the lakes is a great family activity, or is ideal simply for those looking for a relaxing day by the water.

Stroll around the Old Town

Although Jajce is technically a city, it is not a big place and has a population of just a little more than 30,000. The town is quite small, and is a manageable enough size to wander around and appreciate the historic sites. The Old Town area is the most historic, with plenty of medieval buildings, as well as some exemplary Ottoman architecture. Religious buildings to spot include St Mary’s Church, built in the 12th century and the location of the coronations of medieval kings, and the Mithraic Temple, an ancient construction dating from the 4th century.

AVNOJ Museum

The Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia, or more conveniently known as AVNOJ, was the Communist council that organized a resistance movement against the fascist forces that occupied Bosnia & Herzegovina during the Second World War. The second time they met was in this building in Jajce, and was where Tito, later the leader of Yugoslavia, essentially formed his first communist government of Yugoslavia. The council building is now a museum dedicated to this significant event, with a reconstruction of the council chamber and a number of items from the period, such as portraits of Stalin and Yugoslavian flags. Another excellent opportunity to learn about the rich and extensive history of Jajce.


( source: https://theculturetrip.com/europe/bosnia-herzegovina/articles/the-top-things-to-do-and-see-in-jajce-bosnia-herzegovina/ )

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Pliva Lakes and Mills – Jajce

Five kilometers away from Jajce there are beautiful Pliva lakes and in the middle separated with bunch of amazing mills built during the Ottoman era.
Amongst the people they are know as “mličići” (small mills). Today mostly ouf of order but still amazing to see how they split up two lakes.

Io these lakes we would strongly recommend doing some swimming, fishing, canoeing or kayaking (in 1963. World and European Championship in kayaking and canoeing on still waters were held on Pliva lakes).

This is something must see if passing by these areas.

 

(www.sarajevofunkytours.com)

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Mesmerizing beauty of Pliva Waterfall

In Bosnia & Herzegovina, the land of countless waterfalls, one has been out of competition since ever. Renowned for its hypnotic charms and inimitable uniqueness, Pliva Waterfall has been named 1of 12 most beautiful waterfalls in the world.

Set in the town of Jajce, this 22-meters-high waterfall is the only one in the world located in the city centre. This magnificent waterfall, enlisted on the tentative list for UNESCO, is also unique in the world to create an estuary at the place where Pliva River flows into Vrbas River.

Nestled in the basin of lavish greenery, this Pliva Waterfall is a picture-perfect site. Whether you are standing beneath it or looking down from above, the Pliva waterfall creates a breath-taking scenery.

The riverbed of Pliva River and the waterfall have been formed in the porous material – travertine. It is believed that the waterfall was formed 50,000 years ago.

At a distance of 5 kilometres from the town, there are two lakes, used as a significant hydropower resource. At Pliva lakes, one can do different water sports, but also serious preparations before big competitions, championships, Olympics, etc. Great Pliva lake, due to its specific density of water, is ideal for kayaking and canoeing. Additional attraction between the two lakes are water mills, popularly called Mlinčići.

Even though, almost any water-related activity is possible in this location, the main attraction is International jumping competition, that takes place each year. So, for a new adrenalin adventure, this event is highly recommended.

Fishing is very popular on the Pliva River and its lakes, as they provide ideal conditions for sport fishing. In these waters reside around 26 species of fish. A part of the 35th FIPS-Mouche European Fly Fishing Championship was held on the lake in 2015.

(www.itinari.com)

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Watermills of Jajce



This cluster of little wooden huts once ground local farmers’ wheat into flour during the days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Jajce, in the central region of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is a historic city all about falling water. Famous for its enormous waterfall in the middle of town, the meeting of two rivers – the Pliva and the Vrbas – established the region in the 14th century as the capital of the then Kingdom of Bosnia.  There’s a town castle, old fortified city walls, high mountains and deep river valleys. And just downstream, in the area of the Pliva Lakes, is a collection of about 20 little huts that once served as watermills for local farmers.


The little windowless huts sit on top of skinny stilts right over the gushing water. Since the flow here is spread out, by using a series of little mills instead of one big water wheel, the diffuse water power could be aggregated. Pretty ingenious. Most of the huts go back to the period of the Austro-Hungarian empire (about 1867 to 1918), and they give the impression of a little storybook village.

No longer used for actual milling, the Pliva Lakes watermills draw tourists down the river from the giant waterfall in town. That one is certainly impressive with its showy 65-foot drop. But the little shingled watermills feel like they might be home to some local trolls, with their dragons hitched up out back.

(www.atlasobscura.com)

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Jajce Fortress

Jajce was once the seat of some of Bosnia’s medieval kings, and the remains of their castle are still in a good condition today. Jajce fortress was first built around the mid-14th century, although over the years many alterations and additions have been made. The central castle is located on top of a hill overlooking the city, and within the town there a various parts of old fortified wall as well as gates.

One of the most interesting features to look out for is the crest of one of the medieval ruling families, which can be seen in its near-perfect condition at the entrance to the castle. Thanks to this historic legacy, Jajce is currently a candidate for being named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

(theculturetrip.com)
(foto: JU Agencija Jajce)

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Jajce: The Roman Cult of Mithras

The Roman deity Mithras appears in the historical record in the late 1st century A.D., and disappears from it in the late 4th century A.D. Unlike the major mythological figures of Graeco-Roman religion, such as Jupiter and Hercules, no ancient source preserves the mythology of the god. All of our information is therefore derived from depictions on monuments, and the limited mentions of the cult in literary sources.

The temples of Mithras were always an underground cave, featuring a relief of Mithras killing the bull. This “tauroctony”, as it is known today, appears in the same format everywhere, but with minor variations. Other standard themes appear in the iconography.

The cult was all male. There were seven degrees of initiation. Different ritual meals were associated with each stage.

(www.tertullian.org)

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Jajce: A Town of National Monuments and Natural Beauty

Centrally located, easily accessible from all major cities in Bosnia, this historic town may not be a hidden gem but it is certainly worthy of a visit.

Located in Central Bosnia, a 3-hour car ride away from the capital city, Jajce sits on confluences of the rivers Pliva and Vrbas. It served as residence of the last Bosnian king and today it is home to 29 national monuments and to one of the ten most beautiful waterfalls in Europe.

Jajce Old Town. iStockphoto/Adnan Vejzovic. 

It does not really matter if you are looking for an adventurous trip, sightseeing, nature exploring or tasting local cuisine, you will not be disappointed by choosing this town for a day-trip or even a longer one. If you are already in Sarajevo, hop on a bus or rent a car and head towards west; in no time you will reach Jajce.
 

iStockphoto/Xantana.
 

Walled city of Jajce

One of the dozens of national monuments and a must-see in the town is the fortress which is believed to be built back in the 13th century. Besides offering an amazing view over the old town, the fortress still preserves some unique remains of royal heritage and other remains from the Ottoman era. Just make sure you arrive within working hours – 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. in summer and 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. in winter. 
 

Streets of Jajce Old Town. iStockphoto/SchevchenkoAndrey.

Jajce Waterfall

Except for its beauty, the waterfall of Jajce is also famous for being one of the rare waterfalls situated at a spot where one river meets another. Surrounded by greenery, this site is an inevitable photo shooting spot for tourists and passers-by.

If you are lucky enough, once per year you can also witness a unique, adrenaline-filled competition, namely the Red Bull Cliff Diving, which gathers legendary names of this sport. If you are brave enough, you can try it yourself!
 

Jajce Waterfall. iStockphoto/julof90. 

Plivsko Lake

There is something for nature lovers too. Whether you are up for a slow stroll around the lake, some pedaling, or seeing small mills built back in Ottoman era (historic site again!), Plivsko Lake is a place you cannot miss when in and around Jajce.

The calming green of the nearby woods and the silent water of the Big lake (yes, there is the Small lake too!) is perfect for your energy recharge. If you decide one day would not be enough, you can always book a bungalow or an apartment located around the lake(s).
 

Lake Pliva. iStockphoto/Adnan Vejzovic.

Mills on Lake Pliva. iStockphoto/xantana. 

Locals of Jajce are known for their hospitality so do not hesitate asking them about small tips for where to eat or go out. What is great about this town is the fact that everything worth seeing is within a walking distance and this will spare you from unnecessary taxi or local transportation expenses.

(Lejla Mujagic / www.travelade.com)

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The town of Jajce is located on the banks of rivers Vrbas and Pliva, 164 km north-west of Sarajevo.

Built in the 14th century, Jajce at the time was the capital of the Bosnian Kingdom. The kingdom fell to the Ottomans in 1463, but was retaken the following year by Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus. Eventually in 1527, Jajce became the last Bosnian town to fall to the Ottoman Empire. Bosnia and Herzegovina is rich with waterfalls and most of them have formed on travertine barrages – natural barriers of porous and rather soft limestone which has been deposited by lime-rich water.
 
Pliva Waterfall is not an exception, on this river have formed many smaller and larger travertine steps but the last one – right at the confluence with Vrbas – is the most impressive. Here the travertine layer is especially thick – up to 70 m and Vrbas River has shaped picturesque, 43 m deep canyon. Waterfall is located just a few metres before the confluence of Pliva with Vrbas, thus opening a fine view on the falls from the opposite side of Vrbas valley.

Pliva Waterfall
 
It was 30 meters high, but during the Bosnian war, the area was flooded and the waterfall is now 22 meters high. The flooding may have been due to an earthquake and/or attacks on the hydroelectric power plant further up the river. Pliva waterfall now forms a single, impresive plunge. Waterfall is some 50 m wide, with a smaller bush covered island in the middle. The northern side of falls is somewhat lower than the southern.
 
As the water falls, it hits some ledges of travertine but otherwise this is an impressive, wide screen of water. Below the falls is deep plunge pool and one more several metres high barrage of travertine blocks right at the conflluence with Vrbas River. Waterfalls have their own life cycle. Humans may love them, but nature is unrelenting – it creates them and it “disassembles” them again – sooner or later. Travertine is soft material and strong current or the opposite – dry weather – may create cracks and step by step the soft stone is milled. Due to this most falls on travertine are just weak (but permanent) brooks or springs.
 
Pliva River though is different – during the spring floods or after heavy autumn rains it turns into a fierce torrent but in summer it may dry up almost completely. Pollution from the city makes the things only worse, it helps to disintegrate the travertine. People in Jajce had two possibilities, to look how the beautiful waterfall is destroyed step by step or to reinforce it. They choose the later.
The images from 1950ies already show that waterfall is reinforced by tall concrete walls. But the current sight of waterfall has been created in the late 1990ies and 21st century.

After the Bosnian war damage to the powerplant upstreams from the falls the waterfall was damaged and its height decreased. Emergency works were made in 1997 but more works followed in 2000ies and 2011. Now the whole width of waterfall is reinforced. The plunge pool below the falls has been made deeper in order to allow jumps from the falls. There is developed also a system of low concrete steps before the falls, thus making the stream more even. Often these concrete steps are erroneously presented as other waterfalls. In order to preserve the falls it is important to maintain the hydropowerplant above the falls in good working order in order to provide steady flow of water over the falls. A new viewing platform (adult 2€/child 1€) has been built opposite the falls’ the base, accessed from stairs that start between the bus station and petrol station. If you don’t want to get sprayed (nor pay), you can look down on the falls from either lip. For the classic tourist-brochure photo, cross the big Vrbas bridge and turn left on the Banja Luka road. Walk 500m, then descend 150m through pinewoods from the roadside lay-by to a great but less-frequented. We can argue whether the waterfall after all these works still can be considered to be a natural monument but one is obvious Pliva Waterfall is beautiful.

 
Pliva lakes and watermills
 
Located a few kilometers away from Jajce are the Great and Small Pliva Lakes. These lakes offer many recreational opportunities: fishing, kayaking, canoeing, swimming, playing volleyball, biking and walking. There are also public barbeque facilities along the lakeside for picnics. The “heavy” water of these lakes – meaning a high level of hydrogen, makes them particularly still, which creates a stunning reflection of the mountains surrounding them. Their heavy water also makes the lakes ideal for boating activities and training, and they have been the site of major world and European competitions in kayaking and canoeing.
 
Watermills on the Pliva lake              
 
The watermills are located on the Pliva River, 5km outside of the Jajce town center. The twenty watermills sit upon a limestone partition that separates the Great and Small Pliva lakes. Dating back to the Middle Ages, these watermills demonstrate the historical architecture style and carpentry techniques of the region. Due to the historical, architectural, and geological value of the Pliva lakes and watermills, both were declared to be “National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina” in 2009.

Getting there 

Jajce is approximately 140 kilometres from Sarajevo, 70 kilometres from Banja Luka and 165 kilometres from Mostar. Getting to Jajce can be relatively difficult – the town is no longer served by train, with the line to the town having closed in 1975, and buses to the capital, Sarajevo, unsuitable for a day trip, with the final bus leaving Jajce at 17:30. Therefore, most visitors come to Jajce on an organised tour or with their own car. Jajce’s central bus station lies below the Old Town.
From Sarajevo, the town of Jajce is about a 4 hour bus ride,and costs 37 marks return (19€). You can buy the ticket either at the main bus station or book them in the Centrotrans office in Ferhadija street, Sarajevo. Please note that when buying return you have to reserve the ticket to book yourself a seat on the bus ride back to Sarajevo. I recommend taking the 7.30am bus that goes to Bihać and then just get off at Jajce, which should arrive around 11.30am. The bus back to Sarajevo is at 5.35pm leaving you 6 hours to explore the old town and waterfalls. Bus from from Banja Luka is about 90 minutes ride and costs 5 euro. The shortest travel distance between Jajce (BA) and Mostar (BA) is 164 km. Bus from from Mostar is about 4 hour ride and costs 11 euro one way. From Zagreb the bus takes 5 hours and costs around 18 Euro. The shortest travel distance between Zagreb (HR) and Jajce (BA) is 255 km.
 

Izvor.

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